The Mosaic Alliance or the Mosellan Law, which Christians, unlike the New Covenant, generally call « the Old Covenant, » played an important role in the organization of Christianity. It was the source of serious quarrels and quarrels that could be seen in Jesus` controversy over the law during his sermon on the mountain, the controversy of circumcision in early Christianity and the antiochian incident, which led the scholar to challenge the relationship between Paul of Tarsus and Judaism. The Book of Acts of the Apostles says that Stephen, the first Christian martyr, was killed after the Ascension of Jesus while he was accused of opposing the temple of Jerusalem and the Mosaic Law.  Later, the Council of Jerusalem dealt in Acts 15:1-21 with the controversy of circumcision in Primitian Christianity. The Hebrew term « briythe » for « covenant » comes from a root with the meaning of « cutting, » because pacts or covenants were made by cutting pieces of meat cut by the sacrifice of a victim of an animal.  Christians see Jesus as the mediator of this new covenant, and that his blood shed during his crucifixion is the necessary blood of the covenant: as in all the covenants between God and man described in the Bible, the New Covenant is considered « a bond in the blood that is sovereignly managed by God. »  It has been theorized that the New Covenant is the Law of Christ, as was said in his Sermon on the Mountain.  In general, Christians believe that the New Covenant was introduced at the Last Supper as part of the Eucharist, which contains the New Commandment in the Gospel of John. A link between the blood of Christ and the New Covenant is seen in most modern English translations of the New Testament with the proverb: « This cup that is poured for you is the new covenant in my blood. »  The Hebrew Bible refers to a series of covenants (Hebrew: בְּרִיתוֹת) with God (YHWH). The Noean Covenant (in Genesis), which is between God and all living beings, as well as a series of more specific covenants with individuals or groups. Biblical covenants include with Abraham, all the people of Israel, the Israelite priesthood and the davidic line of kings.