8. Both Governments agree that the final settlement of peace for all our enemies should be concluded with all of them once hostilities are over. AFTER THE Canberra MEETING of 17 to 21 January 1944, 21 Within the framework of the system set up within the framework of such an international agreement, the two governments supported 26. Both Governments declare that transitional administration and the final elimination of enemy areas in the Pacific are essential for Australia and New Zealand, and that such elimination should take place only with their agreement and within the framework of a general Pacific settlement. (b) international long-distance lines themselves should be defined in the international agreement referred to in the next clause. 22. In the absence of a satisfactory international agreement on the establishment and regulation of the use of international tribal lines, both governments will support a system of overhead tribal lines controlled and operated by British Commonwealth governments under state ownership. H. V. Evatt, Australia`s foreign minister, had criticized the Cairo Declaration of 1943 for eliminating Japanese territories in the North Pacific without consultation or warning to Australia and New Zealand.
Evatt wanted to make Australia a dominant power in the South Pacific; The acquisition of British colonies in the Western Pacific and the takeover of the security of Timor-Portuguese and Dutch-India were not taken over. In the face of Britain`s weakness, the United States was the alternative.  Evatt is attributed to the opening of the discussions that led to the agreement.