Dayton Agreement 1995

Noting the agreement of 29 August 1995, which authorized the Delegation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to sign, on behalf of the Republika Srpska, the relevant parts of the Peace Plan, with the obligation to strictly implement the agreement reached and, consequently, to order speeches alphabetically from a rostrum in front of 23 flags, were strictly limited to six minutes each. Alija Izetbegovic, the Bosnian president, said: « My government signs this agreement without enthusiasm, like someone who takes a bitter but useful potion. » The Bosnian peace plan was hard-won, but it would end four bloody years that have left more than 250,000 dead and driven more than two million people to flee their homes. 21, 1995, by the Presidents of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia, who end the war in Bosnia and outline a general framework agreement for peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It retained Bosnia as a single state composed of two parties, the Bosnian-Croat Federation and the Bosnian Serb Republic, with Sarajevo remaining the unshared capital. This was one of the first cases where the Court of Justice had to address the question of the legal nature of the Constitution. By commenting on the obiter dictum concerning Annex IV (of the Constitution) and the rest of the peace agreement, the Court has in fact created « the ground for the legal unity » of the peace agreement as a whole[9], which also implies that all annexes are in hierarchical equality. In subsequent decisions, the Court upheld this decision by using other annexes to the peace agreement as a direct basis for the analysis, and not only in the context of the systematic interpretation of Annex IV. They were excluded from almost all critical negotiation sessions. In its internal history of the deal, the State Department revealed that Holbrooke`s team believed that « the Europeans had done more to sabotage the talks than to help. » They continued to be humiliated by being subjected to full security searches, as they moved around the base, while their American and Balkan colleagues could pass freely. .

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