The convention aims to facilitate the recognition of qualifications issued in one Contracting Party in another Party. It provides that applications must be considered fairly and within a reasonable time. Recognition can only be refused if the qualification is significantly different from that of the host country – and the educational institution must prove this. Each State, the Holy See or the European Union shall inform the two depositaries of the Convention of the competent authorities for different categories of decisions in the event of recognition. It is calculated on the basis of the gross domestic product of each country. On 28 June 2011, at the request of Jordan, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee cracked down on Israel`s decision to demolish and rebuild the Mughrabi Gate Bridge in Jerusalem for security reasons. Israel stated that Jordan had signed an agreement with Israel providing that the existing bridge should be dismantled for security reasons; Jordan has challenged the agreement and says it was only signed under pressure from the United States. Israel was also unable to address the UNESCO Committee due to Egyptian objections.  Over the years, as a point of contact for world culture and science, UNESCO`s activities have expanded to support the translation and dissemination of world literature, the establishment of international cooperation agreements for the safeguarding of World Heritage sites of cultural and natural importance, the defence of human rights, the bridling of the global digital divide and the creation of inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.  UNESCO has launched several global initiatives and movements such as « Education for All » to pursue its main goals. On September 19, 1989, the former United States Congressman Jim Leach told a congressional subcommittee: In January 2014, a few days before the scheduled opening, Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, cancelled an exhibition created by the Simon Wiesenthal Center entitled « The People, The Book, The Land: The 3,500-year relationship between the Jewish people and the Land of Israel. » The event was to be held in Paris from January 21 to January 30. Bokova cancelled the event after representatives of Arab states at UNESCO argued that their exhibition would « harm the peace process. »  The author of the exhibition, Professor Robert Wistrich of the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Anti-Semitism at the Hebrew University, called the refusal an « appalling act, » calling Bokova`s decision an « arbitrary act of utter cynicism and contempt for the Jewish people and their history. » UNESCO changed the decision to cancel the exhibition within a year, and it quickly gained popularity and was considered a great success.
 UNESCO awards 22 prizes in the fields of education, science, culture and peace: UNESCO and its specialized agencies publish a series of journals. . . .