Many Eritreans hope that peace with Ethiopia will end the dominance of the one-party party in their own country. Prior to the Djiddah agreement, several unsuccessful attempts had been made to mediate peace between countries. In 2002, Ethiopia rejected a border commission ruling that Badme belongs to Eritrea. In 2000, the two countries signed the Algiers agreement and declared that they were subject to binding arbitration to resolve border and restitution issues. Eritrea was allocated to most of the territory contested by the Permanent Court of Arbitration, but Ethiopia still occupied most of the disputed country from 2017.  The result was a frozen state of conflict of « no war, no peace » and lingering tensions between the two countries.    Each country accused the other country of harboring terrorist movements aimed at fuelling regime change and both were private companies; Ethiopia was an authoritarian dominating state led by the Democratic Democratic Front of Ethiopia (EPRDF) and Eritrea is a totalitarian one-party state led by the People`s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). Eritrea`s presidential and legislative elections have been postponed indefinitely and have not taken place since independence.  The treaty covered a number of things. It ended the state of war between Eritrea and Ethiopia; a new era of peace, friendship and full cooperation. The decision was taken in a surprising way   and was a reversal of sixteen years of Ethiopian policy. While in much of Ethiopia, in the Tigray region, under the jurisdiction of most of the disputed areas, the announcement sparked protests, particularly in the disputed city of Badme and among veterans.  On 13 June 2018, the executive committee of the Tigrayan People`s Liberation Front condemned the decision to hand bad Badme over as « fundamentally flawed » and said that the government coalition was suffering from a « fundamental leadership deficit ».
 Ethnic Jerobos living in border areas currently living under the Ethiopian government staged a demonstration condemning the decision to accept the Borders Commission`s decision, fearing a split in their community.  During a question-and-answer session in Parliament on 11 June, Abiy defended his peace initiative by saying, « I was in [Badme] when we put our flag and I cried. Many of my friends who fought in this war, we had to bury, » in reference to his own service during the conflict.  Abiy was accompanied by Workneh Gebeyehu, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Muferiat Kamil, the spokesman of the House of Representatives of The Peoples, Keria Ibrahim, spokesperson for the House of Representatives, and Seyoum Awol, President of the Afar region.  Debretsion Gebremichael, President of the Tigray Region and head of the TPLF, who criticized the peace process, was particularly absent.